Tokaj-Hegyalja was declared the world’s first closed wine region by Royal Decree in 1737. The name of Tokaj-Hegyalja as a “historic wine region and cultural landscape” was added to World Heritage List by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in 2002. One of the core settlements in this area is Mád.
Wine trade has been started in the 16th-17th century in this region. The traditional grape varieties was Furmint, Yellow Muscat and Hárslevelű. Nowadays Kövérszőlő, Zeta (Oremus), Goher are grown as well.
The late harvest traditionally begins on the day of Simon-Judah, 28 October. After that characteristic white wines, such as the Tokaj Furmint, the Tokaj Hárslevelű, and the Yellow Muscat are born. The over-mature grapes (sometimes touched by Botrytis, a grey mold) are harvested after the day of Simon-Judah, at the end of November. That is why these resulting noble wines have a high degree of sugar and a pleasant, fruity fragrance. Besides noble wine other typical wine specialties are also produced in the Tokaj wine region such as Szamorodni, the Tokaj “Fordítás”, “Máslás” and Essence.
The county has preserved the historic traditions of its wine specialties: characteristic vineyards, wine cellars lying low in villages and towns where every aspect of the Tokaj wine making can be traced.